About the Illness

When someone's body temperature is too high, we say they have a fever. This is not a sickness itself, but rather a sign that the body is fighting an infection through a functioning immune system.
A fever needs to be managed, and the illness causing it also identified and treated. A very high fever can be dangerous if temperature is not brought back down to normal as quickly as possible.
It can cause fits (convulsions) or even permanent brain damage (paralysis, mental slowness, epilepsy etc).



Common Symptoms

High body temperature
mild fever = 37.5º C - 39º C
high fever = over 40º C
feeling cold at times (shivering); sweating; weakness; pain in the joints.

Children's Issues

High fever is most dangerous for small children. Try to reduce it immediately. If you can't bring the fever down then seek professional help. Small children should be undressed completely and left naked until fever subsides. Never wrap a child in clothing or blankets.
Reassure and comfort children who are ill because they will feel anxious and frightened.

Important Information

Possible Causes & Symptoms of Fever
CauseMalaria          

  • Starts with weakness, chills and fever.
  • Fever may come and go for a few days, with shivering (chills) as temperature rises and sweating as temperature falls.
  • Then fever may come every second or third day.
  • On other days the patient may even feel better.

CauseTyphoid        
  • Begins like a cold.
  • Temperature rises a little more each day.
  • Pulse relatively slow. 
  • Sometimes diarrhoea and dehydration.
  • Trembling or delirium (mind wanders).
  • Very ill.

CausePneumonia     
  • Fast, shallow breathing. 
  • Temperature rises quickly.
  • Cough with green, yellow or bloody mucus.
  • May have chest pain.
  • Very ill.

Herbal Therapy

If you are able to sit up, try one of the following steam inhalations to help reduce the fever:
Eucalyptus globulus Inhalation Place a handful of eucalyptus leaves in a pot of boiling water and leave in the room so vapours can be inhaled.



Steam Inhalation
 
  • Boil the medicinal herbs in a pot, or add a few drops of medicinal oil to a pot of boiling water.  
  • Sit the patient on a chair or at the edge of the bed and place the pot at their feet.  
  • Cover the entire head and body with a sheet or blanket with the pot inside it.  
  • Let the patient take deep slow breaths to inhale the medicinal steam.  
  • Reheat or add more medicine as needed.  
  • Babies and small children should be placed under the sheet with the care giver and allowed to breathe just a few breaths. Then take them out and let them breathe fresh air for a minute or so before putting them back under the sheet for another few breaths.

[Steam Inhalation]
Good for:All
Neem Inhalation Place neem leaves in a pan of water, cover and bring to the boil. Inhale vapours before  sleeping. Safe to use on children under 5.

Steam Inhalation
 
  • Boil the medicinal herbs in a pot, or add a few drops of medicinal oil to a pot of boiling water.  
  • Sit the patient on a chair or at the edge of the bed and place the pot at their feet.  
  • Cover the entire head and body with a sheet or blanket with the pot inside it.  
  • Let the patient take deep slow breaths to inhale the medicinal steam.  
  • Reheat or add more medicine as needed.  
  • Babies and small children should be placed under the sheet with the care giver and allowed to breathe just a few breaths. Then take them out and let them breathe fresh air for a minute or so before putting them back under the sheet for another few breaths.

[Steam Inhalation]
Good for:All
Sweet Basil Inhalation Boil the whole plant in a covered pan.  Use as a steam inhalation. Also good for common cold.


Steam Inhalation
 
  • Boil the medicinal herbs in a pot, or add a few drops of medicinal oil to a pot of boiling water.  
  • Sit the patient on a chair or at the edge of the bed and place the pot at their feet.  
  • Cover the entire head and body with a sheet or blanket with the pot inside it.  
  • Let the patient take deep slow breaths to inhale the medicinal steam.  
  • Reheat or add more medicine as needed.  
  • Babies and small children should be placed under the sheet with the care giver and allowed to breathe just a few breaths. Then take them out and let them breathe fresh air for a minute or so before putting them back under the sheet for another few breaths.

[Steam Inhalation]
Good for:All
If you are too weak to sit up, ask someone to give you an orange or lemon peel body rub to help reduce the fever.
Pound the lemon or orange peel with small amount of water and rub it on the back.



If you followed this advice and temperature still remains high, try one of the following remedies to help fight infection and so reduce the fever:

1.    Eucalyptus citriodora Tea Boil a handful of leaves in 1 ltr water for 15-20 minutes. Drink 1/2 glass 2x daily for 4 days. (6-10 yrs: 4 tbsp 2x daily; 2-6 yrs: 2 tbsp 2x daily; up to 2 yrs: 1 tbsp 2x daily.)

Tea/Decoction
 
This is a good method for extracting substances from thick leaves, roots or bark.  
  • Boil 1 handful of plant material together with 1 ltr of water for about 20 minutes.  
  • Try to use a clay pot or stainless steel saucepan. Do NOT use aluminium saucepans as they can react adversely with the medicine.
  • Prepare a fresh decoction every day.  
  • If you need to sweeten the decoction, use honey instead of sugar because honey has more medicinal value than sugar.

[Tea/Decoction]
Good for:All
2.    Ginger, Cinnamon & Camomile Infusion Take 1/4 tsp ginger, 1 tsp cinnamon and 1 tsp camomile, stir into glass of hot water and steep for 5-10 minutes. Drink 1 glass 2x daily. (10-16 yrs - 1 glass 2x daily; 6-10 yrs: 1/4 glass 2x daily; up to 6 yrs: don't use.)


Infusion
 
  • Boil water and pour over herbs.  
  • Leave for 5-10 minutes.  
  • Filter through a clean cloth and use within 1 day.

[Infusion]
Good for:Careful for kids
3.    Garlic, Ginger & Lemon Tea Cut a whole lemon into pieces (including skin). Pound ginger and garlic and place in pan of water. Cover and boil. Drink 1 glass 2x daily for as long as required. (10-16 yrs - 1/2 glass 2x daily).

Tea/Decoction
 
This is a good method for extracting substances from thick leaves, roots or bark.  
  • Boil 1 handful of plant material together with 1 ltr of water for about 20 minutes.  
  • Try to use a clay pot or stainless steel saucepan. Do NOT use aluminium saucepans as they can react adversely with the medicine.
  • Prepare a fresh decoction every day.  
  • If you need to sweeten the decoction, use honey instead of sugar because honey has more medicinal value than sugar.

[Tea/Decoction]
Good for:Careful for kids
4.    Toddalia asiatica Root Extract Pound 1 root, then soak in 1 glass cold water for 5-10 minutes. Drink 1/4 glass (6-10 yrs: 2 tbsp; 2-6 yrs: 1 tbsp; up to 2 yrs: 1/2 tsp).

Cold Water Extract
 
  • This is used to extract ingredients that are destroyed by heat.  
  • For the best results, cut leaves into small pieces or pound roots with a mortar and pestle.  
  • Soak plant parts in water overnight unless the recipe advises otherwise.
  • Filter before use.
  • Prepare freshly every day.

[Cold Water Extract]
Good for:All
5.    Neem Infusion Add handful of leaves to 1 ltr water and boil for 5-10 minutes. Drink 1/4 glass 2x daily (10-16 yrs: 1/2 glass daily;  6-10 yrs 1/4 glass daily; 2-6 yrs: 3 tbsp daily; up to 2 yrs: 1 tsp diluted and sweetened with honey daily.)

Infusion
 
  • Boil water and pour over herbs.  
  • Leave for 5-10 minutes.  
  • Filter through a clean cloth and use within 1 day.

[Infusion]
Good for:All
6.    Mexican Sunflower Tea Add a handful of leaves to 1 ltr water and boil for 5-10 minutes. Drink 1/2 glass 2x daily.    (10-16 yrs:  1/2 glass 2x daily; 6-10 yrs: 1/4 glass 2x daily; 2-6 yrs: 1 tbsp 2x daily; up to 2 yrs: 1 tsp 2x daily).

Tea/Decoction
 
This is a good method for extracting substances from thick leaves, roots or bark.  
  • Boil 1 handful of plant material together with 1 ltr of water for about 20 minutes.  
  • Try to use a clay pot or stainless steel saucepan. Do NOT use aluminium saucepans as they can react adversely with the medicine.
  • Prepare a fresh decoction every day.  
  • If you need to sweeten the decoction, use honey instead of sugar because honey has more medicinal value than sugar.

[Tea/Decoction]
Good for:All
7.    Oxygonum sinuatum Extract Pound a handful of leaves, add to 3 ltr water and leave for 15-20 minutes. Put 1 glass liquid aside and bathe the child in the remaining solution. This should bring the fever down.  Give child 1 tsp of saved solution.

Cold Water Extract
 
  • This is used to extract ingredients that are destroyed by heat.  
  • For the best results, cut leaves into small pieces or pound roots with a mortar and pestle.  
  • Soak plant parts in water overnight unless the recipe advises otherwise.
  • Filter before use.
  • Prepare freshly every day.

[Cold Water Extract]
Good for:Kids

Food and Nutrition Advice

  • If you have a fever, you will usually require more food than normal once it has stopped. This will help replace all the nutrients used up during illness and also provide energy to support the recovery process. 
  • Divide food into more, smaller meals in a day.
  • Eat soups, drink vegetable and fruit juice.
  • Once you feel well enough, you should eat a nutritious recovery diet.

Body Work and General Advice

If you have a temperature, then follow these steps:

  • Remove unnecessary clothes and blankets.
  • Rest in a cool, airy location, but not in a cold breeze.
  •     Tepid sponging - dip a cloth in lukewarm (body temperature) water, squeeze out excess water and wipe your body, particularly on the forehead, back of the neck and underarms.
    • Keep your skin clean and dry.
    • Drink plenty of liquids and be aware of signs of dehydration.